First Court of Appeals, in panel opinion by Justice Keyes, grants mandamus relief and orders trial court to vacate reinstatement order and default judgment entered after trial court had lost plenary power.
In re Shoreline Partners LLC (Tex.App.- Houston [1st Dist.] Fab. 28. 2008)(Keyes)(expiration of plenary jurisdiction, reinstatement order void, default judgment vacated)
Appellate panel members: Justices Tim Taft, Evelyn Keyes and Elsa Alcala
Full style of case: In re Shoreline Partners, LLC, Prenits B. Tomlinson, Jr., Individually and Thomas E. Hardisty, Individually
Trial court: 165th District Court of Harris County (Judge Elizabeth Ray)
Disposition: Mandamus granted (conditionally, as is customary)
By petition for writ of mandamus, relators, Shoreline Partners, L.L.C., Prentis B. Tomlinson, Jr., and Thomas E. Hardisty (collectively, "Shoreline") challenge the trial court's February 27, 2006 orders reinstating the suit of real party in interest Petrogulf Corporation ("Petrogulf") and granting default judgment to Petrogulf. (1)
In 2004, Petrogulf sued Shoreline for repayment of monies owed for the exploration and development of oil and gas prospects. On August 26, 2005, the trial court dismissed the case for want of prosecution. On September 9, 2005, Petrogulf filed a motion to reinstate and for default judgment. Several months later, on February 27, 2006, the trial court signed the order to reinstate and for default judgment. Shoreline requests a writ of mandamus to require the trial court to vacate its orders reinstating Petrogulf's case and granting default judgment because the court's plenary power had expired when the trial court signed the order granting the reinstatement. In a letter filed with this court, Petrogulf states that it does not oppose the petition for writ of mandamus and accordingly declines to file a response. Standard of Review
Mandamus is an extraordinary remedy available only when (1) a trial court clearly abuses its discretion and (2) there is no adequate remedy by appeal. In re Prudential Ins. Co. of Am., 148 S.W.3d 124, 135–36 (Tex. 2004); In re Supportkids, Inc., 124 S.W.3d 804, 807 (Tex. App.--Houston [1st Dist.] 2003, orig. proceeding). A trial court clearly abuses its discretion if it reaches a decision so arbitrary and unreasonable as to amount to a clear and prejudicial error of law. Walker v. Packer, 827 S.W.2d 833, 839 (Tex. 1992). With respect to a trial court's determination of legal principles, "a trial court has no 'discretion' in determining what the law is or applying the law to facts." In re Prudential, 148 S.W.3d at 135 (quoting Walker, 827 S.W.2d at 840). Thus, a trial court's failure to analyze or apply the law correctly will constitute an abuse of discretion and may result in a reversal by extraordinary writ. Walker, 827 S.W.2d at 840. Mandamus will issue when a trial court erroneously reinstates a case after the expiration of the court's plenary jurisdiction. Estate of Howley v. Haberman, 878 S.W.2d 139, 140 (Tex. 1994).
The date a trial court signs an order on dismissal for want of prosecution determines the beginning of the period for the court's plenary power to decide a motion to reinstate a case dismissed for want of prosecution. Tex. R. Civ. P. 306(a)(1). A trial court has plenary power to reinstate a case within 30 days after the order of dismissal is signed. Neese v. Wray, 893 S.W.2d 169, 170 (Tex. App.--Houston [1st Dist.] 1995, no writ). A motion to reinstate extends the trial court's plenary power until 30 days after such timely filed motions are overruled, either by a written, signed order or by operation of law. Tex. R. Civ. P. 165a(3); South Main Bank v. Wittig, 909 S.W.2d 243, 244 (Tex. App.--Houston [14th Dist.] 1995, orig. proceeding). If a motion to reinstate is not decided by signed written order within 75 days after the judgment is signed, the motion will be deemed overruled by operation of law. Tex. R. Civ. P. 165a(3). An order of reinstatement must be in writing and signed during the trial court's plenary power and jurisdiction. Emerald Oaks Hotel/Conference Ctr., Inc. v. Zardenetta, 776 S.W.2d 577, 578 (Tex. 1989).
The trial court dismissed the instant case for want of prosecution on August 26, 2005. The 75-day period for the court to grant the motion to reinstate by signed order expired November 9, 2005. Accordingly, Petrogulf's motion to reinstate was overruled by operation of law on November 9. The court's plenary power extended for an additional 30 days, until December 9, 2005. Tex. R. Civ. P. 165a(3). However, the district court did not sign the order granting the motion to reinstate until February 27, 2006, 185 days after signing the order to dismiss for want of prosecution. Because the trial court's jurisdiction terminated on December 9, 2005, the orders it signed reinstating the case and granting default judgment on February 27, 2006, are void.
We hold that the trial court abused its discretion by reinstating the case and granting default judgment after termination of its plenary jurisdiction. We conditionally grant the writ of mandamus and order the trial court to vacate its February 27, 2006 "Order on Motion to Reinstate for Default Judgment" and February 27, 2006 Order for "Default Judgment." We are confident that the trial court will promptly comply, and our writ will issue only if it does not.
Evelyn V. Keyes,
Panel consists of Justices Taft, Keyes, and Alcala.
1. The underlying suit is Petrogulf Corporation v. Shoreline Partners, L.L.C. Prentice B. Tomlinson, Jr., Individually, and Thomas E. Hardisty, Individually, cause no. 2004-73726 in the 165th District Court of Harris County, Texas, the Hon. Elizabeth Ray presiding.